Curriculum Overview

Curriculum Overview

We use the following documents to plan our learning opportunities for children. These provide a baseline and we will amend them to suit the needs of our pupils where appropriate.

Year 1 Foundation Subjects overview

Year 2 Foundation Subjects overview

Year 3 Foundation Subjects overview

Year 4 Foundation Subjects overview

Year 5 Foundation Subjects overview

Year 6 Foundation Subjects overview




Early Years

The foundation stage makes a crucial contribution to children’s early development and learning. Our nursery and reception classes provide a rich variety of opportunities and experiences that are appropriate to the needs of the children.  Children develop key learning skills such as communicating effectively and co-operating with others. The foundation stage works within six areas of learning. These are:

Creative Development
Physical Development
Knowledge and Understanding of the world
Mathematical Development
Communication, Language and Literacy
Personal and Social Development


Using the outdoor environment is key to developing children’s skills, knowledge and understanding and our nursery and reception have regular access to outdoor play and provision. Equipment is selected to give a specific learning opportunity and this provision is planned for.


Children in the foundation stage are taught in a variety of different ways. First hand experiences and structured play feature strongly in the foundation stage curriculum.

National Curriculum

Key Stage 1 (ages 5-7 years) and Keys Stage 2 (aged 8-11 years) follow the National Curriculum. This comprises of the following subjects:

Information Communication Technology
Art and Design
Design and Technology
Modern Foreign Language
Physical Education


At Ark Ayrton  Primary Academy we also teach Personal, Social, Health and Citizenship Education. This is through a scheme called SEAL

Please click here to see the PSHCE overview


Organisation of the curriculum

Children in Key Stages 1 and 2 have daily mathematics and literacy sessions.  Phonics is taught daily in Key Sage 1 using the "Read, Write INC" program.  Children in Key Stage 2 have daily vocabulary instruction lessons to build on their knowledge of root words and meanings from RWI.  Children have weekly science and PE sessions, some of which are taught by specialist, qualified coaches.  We believe ICT is integral to all areas of the curriculum therefore, we plan for the use of ICT in conjunction with other subjects.

The foundation subjects are taught in rotation and each half term the topic work is led by a subject either Geography or History.  All other foundation subjects are taught in a cross curricular approach through either the History or Geography driven topic.


The whole school works on the same theme each half term and this is differentiated through different topics and work that is matched to the level of the children.



Mathematics is taught through a range of different activities. We believe children need to work with mathematical ideas practically before moving on to written methods and we ensure that we plan for as many opportunities for this as possible. In reception and Year 1 children are learning maths through “Maths Mastery” which is a structured programme based on practical equipment and models, as well as a strong emphasis on language development and vocabulary.

 Years 2,3,4,5 and 6 are all taught a six part maths lesson which incorporates practical application and vocabulary acquisition. We have blocked our learning to ensure children have enough time and direct teaching to fully access and understand a mathematical concept before moving on to a new one.



Literacy is taught across the school in different ways. In Foundation Stage and Yr 1, children are taught “Read Write Inc” Phonics every day (please see separate link on RWI and reading).  This is undertaken in small groups and allows teachers and support staff to teach the children what they really need.

In year 2, those children who still require phonics, participate daily in Read Write Inc.  Those children, whose phonics is at age related expectation, participate in daily class literacy lessons.

In years 3-6, children are taught class based literacy which encompasses daily class reading, vocabulary instruction and writing.


Weighting and Coverage of Subjects at Ark Ayrton



Key Stage One

Key Stage Two

Literacy 45 mins daily 50 mins daily 50 mins daily
Read, Write, Inc / Literacy & Language           

(including spelling)

1 hour Daily 45 mins daily 45 mins daily
Guided reading N/A 25 mins daily 25 mins daily
Handwriting N/A 15 mins daily 15mins weekly
Grammar N/A 30 mins weekly 10 mins daily
Mathematics 45 mins daily 1 hour daily 1 hour daily
Maths meetings 10 mins daily 15 mins daily 15 mins daily
Science Integrated into areas of learning 2 hours weekly 2 hours weekly
PE 1 hour weekly 2 hours weekly 2 hours weekly
PSHE Integrated into areas of learning 30 mins weekly 30 mins weekly
Geography and History Integrated into areas of learning 2 hours weekly 2 hours weekly
Computing Integrated into areas of learning 1 hour weekly 1 hour weekly
Music Integrated into areas of learning 1 hour weekly 1 hour weekly
Modern foreign languages N/A 30 mins weekly 30 mins weekly
Religious education Integrated into areas of learning 30 mins weekly 30 mins weekly
Art/DT Integrated into areas of learning 1 hour weekly 1 hour weekly
Topic Discovery / Outdoor time  2 hours daily N/A N/A